Family law – The overview

Family law – The overview

The family courts are legal system’s institutions of limited jurisdiction that process different kinds of family law cases. Every person or family facing divorce or separation procedure, planning to claim child custody or adopt a child, having troubles dividing property and incomes after divorce or struggling any similar problem, can refer to their district family court for help.

The work of family courts is guided by local and state laws and every decision of the district family court can be reviewed and modified by the Supreme Court. The appellate court involves if any legal error was made during the process. Generally speaking, family courts have a lot of similarities with all other types of courts. The specific matters of the family law are what makes them special field of legal system. If you need family law attorney we truly recommend to full article.

The procedure is common. A person files all necessary documents to start a case. The second side involved with the case legally answers to the complaint with so called “answer and counterclaim”. Usually one judge is assigned to one family case and the same person will do all hearing and finally terminate the process. Few months after filing a case, the court set a date for case conference, where all sides included in a case present their claims and stories and discuss the matter.


Since many cases considering family problems tend to be emotionally disturbing for everyone included, the court always encourages parties to try to resolve their disputes out of the court.  There are many programs and courses out there intended to help people with domestic problems to overcome issues and find some compromise suitable for everyone.

If reaching any kind of agreement fails, the court will set a trial, hear all sides included and the testimony of their witnesses, review all provided evidence and try to come up with the most equitable and just solution.